A Literature Review

Dr Ian Gawler OAM, BVSc, MCounsHS.

Mindfulness relieves fatigue in two ways

This study suggests mindfulness has both direct and indirect effects on the fatigue of breast cancer survivors and that mindfulness can be used to more effectively reduce their fatigue. Mindfulness affected fatigue indirectly through anxiety, depression, pain, loneliness, and sleep disturbance.

The study also suggests health care professionals should be aware of factors such as anxiety, depression, pain, loneliness, and sleep disturbance in their care for fatigue of breast cancer survivors.

Keuchi, K et al. The relation between mindfulness and the fatigue of women with breast cancer: path analysis. BioPsychoSocial Med 14, 1 (2020).


Thirty minutes of mindfulness significantly reduces fatigue

The results of this study provide evidence that a single session of 30-min mindful breathing was effective in reducing fatigue in haematological cancer patients. On top of all the currently available methods, 30-min mindful breathing can prove a valuable addition.

Ng, DLC et al. The effect of a single session of 30-min mindful breathing in reducing fatigue among patients with haematological cancer – a randomised controlled trial. BMC Palliat Care 20, 160 (2021). 



There seems to be little direct study of the benefits of mindfulness and meditation in relieving nausea, except for women during pregnancy where it has been found helpful.  However, a number of studies do report mindfulness and meditation have the capacity to reduce nausea.

Date: March 2021